Chapter 12:

RomanticismBierstadt_LandersPeak_1863.jpg
painter Albert Bierstadt















Religion and Reform 1820-1860


  • Puritan Piety

  • Enlightenment rationalism

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Deism

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Clockwork Universe Theory














The Second Great Awaking

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  • Unmatched experiment

  • The improvement of Man






Come Outers

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Shakers









Millerites

  • Christ Second Coming 1843


    William Miller








Mormans

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  • Extreme

  • Book of Mormon

  • The angel Moroni

  • Nephites

























Relationship between transcendentalism and social reform

  • improve the self and society

  • bring the nation closer to God




shakers.jpg











Sunday Schools

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Horace Mann

  • Compulsory Education














Temperance Reform Movement

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Women's Rights Movement

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The Women’s Rights Movement

  • stronger public role to improve society


  • improve women’s equality


  • political and economic role in society

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Abolitionism

  • Second Great Awakening

  • reformers

  • slavery as a sin


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African American social thought

  • response to white violence

  • Frederick Douglas

  • social and moral improvements

  • white violence

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Earlier vs. Latest Antislavery Movements
  • Republican values Vs. slavery

  • Moral Sin

  • antislavery brought fear to white Americans

  • high unemployment

  • white northerners and white southerners




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Woman’s rights opposition
  • Men

  • Women

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Relationship between the abolitionist and women’s rights

  • reinforced one another

  • Women become leading national reformers

  • Women used abolitionism causes to further their equality

  • Women's voices heard in public forums

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American Culture and Women's Rights

  • middle class

  • Women have more time

  • used abolitionism as political platform

  • Social Reform

  • Women's call for equality in America

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