Chp14 The Gathering Tempest Fall 2012

The South Expands: Slavery and Society 1820-1860

The Domestic Slave Trade






Cotton_Production_in_the_South,_1820–1860.jpg
Cotton Production in the South, 1820–1860. Cotton production expanded westward between 1820 and 1860 into Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, and western Tennessee.









  • Was slavery immoral?

  • Slave Ownership

CashForSlaves.jpg
A slave buyer offers cash for men, women, and children in this 1835 advertisement.







Aristocratic Planter Society

_(Gone_With_the_Wind)_03.jpg
http://www.doctormacro1.info/Images/Leigh,%20Vivien/Annex/Annex%20-%20Leigh,%20Vivien%20%28Gone%20With%20the%20Wind%29_03.jpg



Planters defend slavery

  • control slaves lives

  • Middle class planters

  • smallholders

Slave Treatment

  • Planter Fear

  • Planter punishment and sexual abuse

VirginiaLuxuries.jpg
Throughout its existence, slavery in America encouraged white men to exploit black women for sexual purposes and to abuse black men and women physically. Virginian Luxuries, painted c. 1810, aimed to expose and ridicule these practices.



Poor Southern Whites

  • In Debt






































African American Culture


BlackNanny.jpg
Enslaved black women often had the responsibility of raising their masters’ young children. The women’s duties sometimes forced them to neglect the needs of their own children.






Evangelical Black Protestantism

  • Synthesis of African and European American culture
  • Second Great Awakening
  • Spread of Black Christianity
  • Black Kinship
contraband_church.jpg
www.thegospelarmy.com





African American Resistance to Slavery

  • work stoppage
  • slave revolts
  • escape
slaveRebellion.jpg
mikeely.files.wordpress.com




Free Blacks in America

  • inferior competitors
  • non-citizens
  • Black Institutions












Which of the following was the most important cause of the Civil War:

economic differences, political failures, or slavery?