Chapter 13

Manifest Destiny: an Empire for Liberty or Slavery?


This village has been settled by a Mr. Stephen Austin, a native of the United states of the North.

It consists, at present, of forty or fifty wooden houses on the western bank of the large river

known as Rio de los Brazos de Dois.

Its population is nearly two hundred persons, of which only ten are Mexicans,

for the balance are all Americans with an occasional European.

Two wretched little stores supply the inhabitants of the colony:

one sells only whiskey, rum, sugar, and coffee;

the other rice, flour, lard, and cheap cloth.

They (Americans) eat only salted meat, coffee, home made cheese, and bread made by themselves

out of corn meal.

To this food, the greater part of the village add strong liquor.

For they are in general, in my observation, lazy people of vicious character.

Some of them cultivate their farms by planting corn; but this task they usually entrust to their

negro slaves, whom they treat with considerable harshness.


Jose Maria Sanchez,

Mexican surveyor, sent on an expedition to the border of Mexico,

which then included Texas and Louisiana (April 1828)






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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo













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Changing it up at President

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Who Where the New Whigs?


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Harrison Campaign Add










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1844


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Henry Clay











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Texas, Mexico 1820





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Moses Austin

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Stephen F. Austin


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Austin Colony 1820























Wrenching Land from Mexico






War and President Polk


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“Old Rough and Ready” General Zachary Taylor

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Gen. Winfield Scott “Old Fuss and Feathers”







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Palo Alto

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Oregon Dispute

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Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

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“They just want Californy/So’s to lug new slave states

in/To abuse ye

and to scorn ye/And to plunder ye like sin,”


Poet James Russell Lowell in 1848






Rushing for Gold

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Risking life and limb to strike gold

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Western Robber Barons

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Collis Huntington


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Charles Crocker

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Mark Hopkins
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Leland Stanford
































War, Expansion, and Slavery

Mexican Cession



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Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Triumph

  • the slavery issue


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