Chapter 16 In Class Quiz Bowl Fall 2011

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1. The Free- Soil party stance on slavery:
a.
was endorsed by John C. Calhoun
b.
attracted Abraham Lincoln into its ranks
c.
led to the political downfall of Henry Clay
d.
might appeal to some white farmers
e.
opposed the Wilmot Proviso




















a.
was endorsed by John C. Calhoun
b.
attracted Abraham Lincoln into its ranks
c.
led to the political downfall of Henry Clay
d.
might appeal to some white farmers
e.
opposed the Wilmot Proviso












2. President Zachary Taylor wanted to admit California as a state immediately because he:
a.
was anti- slavery, and California had voted on a free- state constitution
b.
was pro- slavery, and California had voted on a slave- state constitution
c.
wished to bypass the divisive issue of slavery in the territories
d.
was afraid Mexico would make new claims on the area since gold had been discovered there
e.
was persuaded to do so by his overwhelmingly northern cabinet
















a.
was anti- slavery, and California had voted on a free- state constitution
b.
was pro- slavery, and California had voted on a slave- state constitution
c.
wished to bypass the divisive issue of slavery in the territories
d.
was afraid Mexico would make new claims on the area since gold had been discovered there
e.
was persuaded to do so by his overwhelmingly northern cabinet









3. During 1850 the United States faced the real danger of:
a.
a cholera epidemic
b.
disunion
c.
excessive foreign immigration
d.
war with Britain
e.
economic depression

















3. During 1850 the United States faced the real danger of:
a.
a cholera epidemic
b.
disunion
c.
excessive foreign immigration
d.
war with Britain
e.
economic depression













4. During the great congressional debate over the Compromise of 1850:
a.
Calhoun endorsed all of Clay’s proposals
b.
Taylor promised to veto any new legislation
c.
Clay called for an end to sectional division
d.
Jefferson Davis emerged as a voice of moderation
e.
Webster made an impassioned argument for secession


















4. During the great congressional debate over the Compromise of 1850:
a.
Calhoun endorsed all of Clay’s proposals
b.
Taylor promised to veto any new legislation
c.
Clay called for an end to sectional division
d.
Jefferson Davis emerged as a voice of moderation
e.
Webster made an impassioned argument for secession





5. The politician whose strategy enabled the passage of the Compromise of 1850 was:
a.
Millard Fillmore
b.
Sam Houston
c.
Daniel Webster
d.
William Seward
e.
Stephen Douglas



















5. The politician whose strategy enabled the passage of the Compromise of 1850 was:
a.
Millard Fillmore
b.
Sam Houston
c.
Daniel Webster
d.
William Seward
e.
Stephen Douglas






6. The Compromise of 1850:
a.
gave Texas more territory
b.
admitted Utah as a slave state
c.
postponed California statehood
d.
ended slavery in Washington, D.C.
e.
strengthened the fugitive slave laws


7. The new Fugitive Slave Act:
a.
outraged abolitionists
b.
required the licensing of slave catchers
c.
guaranteed fugitive slaves a jury trial
d.
was soon repealed by Congress
e.
caused race riots in the North


8. The election of 1852:
a.
saw both major parties denounce the Compromise of 1850
b.
resulted in a second term for Millard Fillmore
c.
saw the disappearance of the Free- Soil party
d.
was dominated by the current economic depression
e.
produced an unimpressive new president in Franklin Pierce


9. The United States concluded the Gadsden Purchase with Mexico in 1853:
a.
because of the area’s rich natural resources
b.
to acquire an additional port on the Pacific
c.
to take people’s minds off North- South division
d.
to increase cotton production in the West
e.
as a southern route for a transcontinental railroad


10. Passage of the Kansas- Nebraska Act was a victory for:
a.
abolitionists
b.
immigrant groups in America
c.
the concept of popular sovereignty
d.
southerners who wanted a transcontinental railroad to run west from New Orleans
e.
the preservation of the Union


11. In 1856 the Republicans:
a.
opposed the further spread of slavery
b.
nominated William Seward for president
c.
stood for states’ rights
d.
strongly condemned the nativist platform of the American party
e.
campaigned vigorously all over the country


12. The winner of the 1856 election was:
a.
John Frémont
b.
James Buchanan
c.
Franklin Pierce
d.
Stephen Douglas
e.
Millard Fillmore


13. Dred Scott sued for his freedom because:
a.
he had married a free woman
b.
his master had abused him
c.
he argued that slavery was unconstitutional
d.
he had lived in areas where slavery was forbidden
e.
he had always wanted to be free


14. President Buchanan:
a.
supported the Lecompton Constitution because he opposed the spread of slavery
b.
opposed the Lecompton Constitution because he favored the spread of slavery
c.
opposed the Lecompton Constitution because he was politically dependent upon northern congressmen
d.
in supporting the Lecompton Constitution, broke with Stephen Douglas
e.
in his typically indecisive way, took no stance on the Lecompton controversy


15. The Panic of 1857:
a.
was the worst depression in American history
b.
ended sectional bickering
c.
caused church attendance to decline
d.
was triggered by the violence in Kansas m,jj,,gjg,
e.
strengthened southern confidence in its cotton economy


16. John Brown’s raid at Harpers Ferry was intended to:
a.
start a civil war
b.
unify the Republican party
c.
provoke slave insurrections
d.
prove John Brown was God’s agent
e.
provoke a fight with the U.S. Army


17. John Brown targeted Harpers Ferry, Virginia, because:
a.
it had a large slave population
b.
it was the site of a federal arsenal
c.
it was an important railroad center
d.
many abolitionists lived in the area
e.
it had banks with large deposits


18. John Brown’s raid:
a.
ended bloodlessly
b.
succeeded
c.
was of minor importance
d.
made the South paranoid
e.
was condemned by abolitionists


19. The Republican party platform in 1860 supported all of the following EXCEPT:
a.
a transcontinental railroad
b.
a higher protective tariff
c.
no further extension of slavery
d.
John Brown’s raid
e.
free homesteads for western farmers


20. Lincoln won the election of 1860 by:
a.
appealing to fear
b.
sweeping the free states
c.
carrying the biggest states in both the North and South
d.
massive voter fraud
e.
changing his position on slavery