Chapter 16

Two Societies at War: War Between the States



“If I could save the Union without freeing any slaves, “

“I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it;

and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.”

A. Lincoln


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  • 11 States

  • 40%

  • Lincoln the puzzle











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humor

melancholy

ambitious

firm

Hat


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“Then I must be one, for Stanton is generally right, and he always says what he means.”








Lincoln had a talent for making his point without being confrontational

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“If General McClellan does not want to use the army, I would like to borrow it.”


  • Preserve the Union

  • End Slavery





















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Jefferson Davis

  • The Anti-Lincoln

  • West Point Graduate

  • Senator

  • Secretary of War (under President Franklin Pierce)

  • Slave Owner

  • mediocre Confederate Cabinet

    • Quarreling Southern States

























Understanding Lincoln 's views on slavery and the Union

“But a moment’s reflection would convince me,

that whatever high hope there may be in this,

in the long run, its sudden execution would be impossible.”

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“If slavery is not wrong, then nothing is wrong,”

“I cannot remember when I did not so think and feel so.”


















Bending the Constitution to preserve the Union – and win reelection

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Peace Democrats

  • Copperheads



















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Gettysburg Address

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November 19, 1863

National Cemetery

Edward Everett

2 hour speech


















“Yes, for the present.”


































  • Northern Economy

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population

manufacturing

75% of the railroads

established Navy




States Rights


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The South

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Defensive Stance

didn't have to conquer the North

Costs Savings

Home Field Advantage

Strong Military leadership

History on the South's side














The Anaconda Plan

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The Southern Plan for the CW

  • Defense

  • Break Northern Morale


































Lincoln’s Plan: Freeing the Slaves

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escaped slaves

seized property

Freed persons

Abolition of slavery

U.S. Government compensate owners

Emancipation Proclamation

“shall be, then, thenceforth and forever free.”

January 1, 1863













effects Lincoln hadn’t intended

  • proslavery

  • Union

  • Desertions

  • Abolitionists

  • Rights








































Women and the Civil War


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