Chapter 26

The World At War: 1941-1945


This Week:

  • Heading toward War

  • Contributing to the war effort

  • Fighting overseas, and at sea

  • Ending the War: the first atomic bomb


    The Andrews Sisters











Trying to Avoid War - Again


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Benito Mussolini

Adolf Hitler


















The Great Stone Faces 1941


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"No bloodshed, I promise"

and

Playing the role of a good neighbor

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FDR, practical politician

“And while I am talking to you mothers and fathers, I give you one more assurance.

I have said this before, but I shall say it again and again and again:

Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars.”

Franklin Roosevelt, a few days before being elected to a third term as president, November 1940.








Americans sensing impending doom


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isolationist movement

September 1, 1939

Blitzkrieg

Josef Stalin

Authorizing War

The draft

Lend-Lease Act







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December 7, 1941





































Working with labor unions during war times


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union membership

“there are no strikes in foxholes”





















Employing women for the war effort

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Kaiser Shipyards WWII

























African Americans achieve greater equality?

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Fair Employment Practices Commission






Hope from WWI

Fair Employment Practices Commission






















Rose Monroe?

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Rosie the Riveter

Michigan


















The "Battle of Los Angeles"

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Bracero Program

zoot suit riots of 1943

















Treating Japanese Americans poorly


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Nisei


Issei

“A Jap’s a Jap,”

said Lt. Gen. John DeWitt,

who was in command of the West’s defense.

“It makes no difference whether he is an

American or not.”



West Coast Anti-Japanese Panic


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seditious or traitorous?

“Fightin’ 442nd”

internment upheld














The War's Winning Cuisine

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The Atlantic Charter


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Meeting at Yalta

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The Allies









Winning one step at a time

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Dwight D. Eisenhower




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Making the final push

and

Revealing the war's greatest crime

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Hitler’s “final solution”

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George S. Patton

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Victory in Europe Day






September 5, 1944-somewhere in England



















Ending the war in Europe, and the end of FDR

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"Nuts."

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Truman Takes Office April 12, 1945

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Turning Points













Dealing with the War in the Pacific

Doolittle's Raid







Gen Douglas MacArthur

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Pacific Fleet Admiral,
Chester William Nimitz
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Turning the tides

  • Battle of Midway

  • Guadalcanal


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To Hell and Back










Dropping the Bomb

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Harry S. Truman

Manhattan Project







Tokyo may 1945

surrender ultimatum



Hiroshima

Nagasaki





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"I have become Death, the Shatterer of Worlds"

J. Robert Oppeneimer
























Hitler and Stalin

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  • Hitler-Stalin Alliance

  • 1930s they condemned each other









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Hitler's non-territorial Ambitions


  • British and French Leaders

  • Allie WWI memories




Period of Appeasement
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Winston Churchill


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  • Anticipated Britain's return to war








Hitler's "blitzkrieg"


  • German advantage

  • Poland, Norway and Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands and France

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Britain Declares War

  • British Army adds French

  • Did not invade Germany

  • "Phony War"

  • World Powers

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Britain becomes Hitler's only undefeated enemy

  • The "blitz"

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Winston Churchill "Never Surrender"



Roosevelt and Churchill


  • Yanks joining Brits

  • North Atlantic

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  • military support

  • American food supply

  • disturbance of supply routes

  • the Reuben James

  • FDR careful of involvement





Holocaust

  • first stories

  • past stories

  • American clergy

  • don't be fooled twice




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